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Oxycodone

This drug is a highly addictive semisynthetic opioid. By modifying a plant-based drug used for centuries,

Oxycodone

Oxycodone

the pharmaceutical industry has been able to create a substance many times as addictive as the original formula. If you are currently taking this drug you will be facing a challenge to get off it.

You can manage pain with coffee enemas (up to five per day) as you reduce very gradually the drugs.

Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid synthesized from thebaine, an opioid alkaloid found in the Persian poppy, and one of the many alkaloids found in the opium poppy. It is a moderately potent opioid analgesic, generally indicated for relief of moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone was developed in 1917 in Germany] as one of several semi-synthetic opioids in an attempt to improve on the existing opioids.

Oxycodone is available as single-ingredient medication in immediate release and controlled release.

Interactions

Oxycodone is metabolized by the enzymes CYP3A4 and CYP2D6, and its clearance therefore can be altered by inhibitors and inducers of these enzymes.[26] Natural genetic variation in these enzymes can also influence the clearance of oxycodone, which may be related to the wide inter-individual variability in its half-life and potency.[26]

Ritonavir or lopinavir/ritonavir greatly increase plasma concentrations of oxycodone in healthy human volunteers due to inhibition of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6. Rifampicin greatly reduces plasma concentrations of oxycodone due to strong induction of CYP3A4. There is also a case report of fosphenytoin, a CYP3A4 inducer, dramatically reducing the analgesic effects of oxycodone in a chronic pain patient. Dosage or medication adjustments may be necessary in each case.]

(For lists of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 inhibitors and inducers, see here and here, respectively.)

Link over to Wikipedia for a big document on the drug

Side Effects

Major Side Effects
If any of the following side effects occur while taking oxycodone, check with your doctor immediately:

Less common:

  • Chills
  • cold sweats
  • confusion
  • difficult or labored breathing
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • fever
  • tightness in the chest
  • twitching
  • RareAbdominal or stomach pain
  • bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  • blood in the urine
  • burning while urinating burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  • feelings
  • chest pain
  • convulsions
  • cough
  • decrease in the frequency of urination
  • decrease in urine volume
  • decreased urine output
  • difficult or painful urination
  • difficulty in passing urine (dribbling)
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • dry mouth
  • fainting
  • fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  • feeling of warmth or heat
  • flushing or redness of the skin, especially on the face and neck
  • frequent urination
  • headache
  • hives, itching, or skin rash
  • increase in heart rate
  • increased thirst
  • increased volume of pale, dilute urine
  • lightheadedness
  • muscle pain or cramps
  • nausea or vomiting
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • rapid breathing
  • rapid weight gain
  • severe constipation
  • severe vomiting
  • shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • sunken eyes
  • sweating
  • swelling or puffiness of the face
  • swollen, painful, or tender lymph glands in the neck, armpit, or groin
  • thirst
  • tingling of the hands or feet
  • trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusual weight gain or loss
  • wrinkled skin

Incidence not known:

  • Blurred vision
  • choking
  • clay-colored stools
  • cold, clammy skin
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • fast, weak pulse
  • gagging
  • irregular, fast, slow, or shallow breathing
  • loss of appetite
  • pale or blue lips, fingernails, or skin
  • unconsciousness
  • unpleasant breath odor
  • very slow heartbeat
  • yellow eyes or skin

If any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking oxycodone, get emergency help immediately:

Symptoms of overdose:

  • Change in consciousness
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • constricted, pinpoint, or small pupils (black part of the eye)
  • decreased awareness or responsiveness
  • extreme drowsiness
  • loss of consciousness
  • no muscle tone or movement
  • severe sleepiness
  • slow or irregular heartbeat

Minor Side Effects

Some oxycodone side effects may not need any medical attention. As your body gets used to the medicine these side effects may disappear. Your health care professional may be able to help you prevent or reduce these side effects, but do check with them if any of the following side effects continue, or if you are concerned about them:

these side effects may disappear. Your health care professional may be able to help you prevent or reduce

these side effects, but do check with them if any of the following side effects continue, or if you are concerned about them:

More common: Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)

Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)

drowsiness

lack or loss of strength

relaxed and calm feeling

sleepiness or unusual drowsiness

Less common:

  • Abnormal dreams
  • acid or sour stomach
  • anxiety
  • belching
  • burning feeling in the chest or stomach
  • false or unusual sense of well-being
  • heartburn
  • hiccups
  • indigestion
  • stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
  • tenderness in the stomach area
  • trouble sleeping
  • weight loss
  • RareAbsent, missed, or irregular menstrual periods
  • bad, unusual or unpleasant (after) taste
  • bloated or full feeling
  • body aches or pain
  • change in taste
  • change in walking and balance
  • changes in vision
  • clumsiness or unsteadiness
  • congestion
  • continuous ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
  • crying
  • decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  • dental caries or tooth decay
  • depersonalization
  • depression
  • difficulty with speaking
  • dry skin
    dryness or soreness of the throat
  • excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
  • excessive muscle tone
  • feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  • feeling of unreality
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • headache, severe and throbbing
  • hearing loss
  • hoarseness
  • hyperventilation
  • inability to have or keep an erection
  • increase in body movements
  • increased appetite
  • increased cough
  • irritability
  • loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
  • loss of heat from the body
  • loss of memory
  • loss of strength or energy
  • muscle pain or weakness
  • muscle stiffness
  • muscle tension or tightness
  • neck pain
  • paranoia
  • passing of gas
  • problems with memory
  • quick to react or overreact emotionally
  • rapidly changing moods
  • red, swollen skin
  • restlessness
  • runny nose
  • scaly skin
  • sensation of spinning
  • sense of detachment from self or body
  • severe sleepiness
  • stomach pain, fullness, or discomfort
  • swelling or inflammation of the mouth
  • tender, swollen glands in the neck
  • unusual weak feeling
  • voice changes

 

 

 

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